Especially when faced with the potential for a urinary cancer, you want top notch care. The providers at AUS have years of experience testing, treating and deeply caring for their urologic oncology patients.
Most bladder cancers are urothelial cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in cells that normally make up the inner lining of the bladder). Other types include squamous cell carcinoma (cancer that begins in thin, flat cells) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). The cells that form squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma develop in the inner lining of the bladder as a result of chronic irritation and inflammation.
SMOKING - Smoking tobacco is the most important risk factor for bladder cancer. Smoking causes most of the cases of bladder cancer. People who smoke for many years have a higher risk than nonsmokers or those who smoke for a short time.
CHEMICALS in the workplace - Some people have a higher risk of bladder cancer because of cancer-causing chemicals in their workplace. Workers in the dye, rubber, chemical, metal, textile, and leather industries may be at risk of bladder cancer. Also at risk are hairdressers, machinists, printers, painters, and truck drivers. (NCI)
CERTAIN CANCER TREATMENTS-People with cancer who have been treated with certain drugs (such as cyclophosphamide) may be at increased risk of bladder cancer. Also, people who have had radiation therapy to the abdomen or pelvis may be at increased risk.
ARSENIC - Arsenic is a poison that increases the risk of bladder cancer. In some areas of the world, arsenic may be found at high levels in drinking water. However, the United States has safety measures limiting the arsenic level in public drinking water.
FAMILY HISTORY of bladder cancer- People with family members who have bladder cancer have a slightly increased risk of the disease.
Painless blood in the urine - the most common symptom
Burning during urination
Frequent urination or a sense of incomplete emptying
Low back pain on either side of the body
Surgical removal of the tumor may be the only treatment if tumor does not invade bladder wall
If the tumor crosses the bladder wall, BCG vaccine therapy is an option
If the tumor has spread to surrounding lymph nodes, chemotherapy may be suggested
It is important to realize that with timely diagnosis and treatment, kidney cancer can be cured. If found early, the survival rate for patients with kidney cancer is as high as 81 percent.
Family history of kidney cancer
Chronic kidney failure and/or dialysis
Diet with high caloric intake or fried/sauteed meat
Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
Blood in the urine
Low back pain on one side, not caused by injury
Mass or lump on the side or lower back
Fatigue or tiredness
Unexplained weight loss
Fever of unknown origin
Tumors are usually surgically removed
Active surveillance with CT or ultrasound may be recommended
Arterial embolization - gel or other material is injected to the arteries to stop blood flow to the tumor
Kidney cancer is not as responsive to chemotherapy and radiation therapy as other cancer are. Thus radiation therapy and chemotherapy are not used as primary treatment for kidney cancer.
The prostate is a small, walnut-sized structure that makes up part of a man's reproductive system. It wraps around the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men. One out of every 10 men will develop the disease at some time in his life - most often after age 50. Our patients have access to some of the country's leading urologic cancer specialists and a range of services including screening exams, transrectal ultrasound and biopsy, diagnostic imaging, second opinions and treatment from surgery to radiation therapy. (Paraphrased from UCSF MEdical Center website)
Age - the risk increases over the age of 50
Family history - Having a father or brother with the disease doubles your risk
Race - Prostate cancer occurs about 60% more often in African- American men than in white men.
Diet - Dietary fat may be a contributing factor
Difficulty starting or stopping urinary stream
Leaking of urine when coughing or laughing
Inability to urinate when standing up
Painful burning sensation during urination or ejaculation
Blood in urine or semen
Prostate cancer is found by an elevated PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) blood test and/or a digital rectal exam. A transrectal ultrasound and biopsy may follow an elevated PSA result.
Testicular cancer typically develops in one or both testicles in young men, but it can occur in older men as well. It is a highly treatable and usually curable type of cancer.
Cancer of the other testicle
Age - about half of all testicular cancers occur in men ages 20-34.
Race and ethnicity - White men have a 4-5 times higher rate than African-American men and more than 3 times that of Asian-American men
Lump or swelling in the testicle
Breast growth or soreness
Early signs of puberty in boys
Low back pain, shortness of breath or cough may present in cases where the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
(American Cancer Society)
Arizona Urology Specialists — Locations
Glendale5750 W. Thunderbird Road Suite B-200 | Glendale, AZ 85306602.375.1700More Info
Scottsdale — 92nd Street10301 North 92nd Street Suite 101 | Scottsdale, AZ 85258 480.661.2662More Info
Scottsdale — Thompson Peak20201 North Scottsdale Healthcare Dr. Suite 280 | Scottsdale, AZ 85255480.661.2662More Info
Scottsdale — South3501 N Scottsdale Rd. Suite 250 | Scottsdale, AZ 85251480.264.4720More Info
Phoenix — Deer Valley19841 N 27th Ave. Suite 201 | Phoenix, AZ 85027623.582.6420More Info
Phoenix — Osborn Rd.1313 East Osborn Rd. Suite B150 | Phoenix, AZ 85014602.264.4431More Info
Mesa5058 E Southern Ave. Suite 102 | Mesa, AZ 85206480.834.4188More Info
Fountain Hills16838 East Palisades Blvd. Bldg C | Fountain Hills, AZ 85268480.272.6400More Info
Arizona Prostate Cancer Center20601 North 19th Ave. Suite 115 | Phoenix, AZ 85027602.557.0055More Info