The prostate is a male reproductive glad that produces some of the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. It surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine passes out of the body. Often called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or benign prostatic hypertrophy, an enlarged prostate means the gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. As the gland grows, it can press on the urethra and cause urination and bladder problems. It is not cancer, and it does not raise your risk for cancer.
The likelihood of developing an enlarged prostate increases with age. BPH is so common that it has been said that all men will have an enlarged prostate if they live long enough. A small amount of prostate enlargement is present in many men over age 40 and more than 90% of men over age 80.
Less than half of all men with BPH have symptoms of the disease. Symptoms include:
Dribbling at the end of urination
Inability to urinate (urinary retention)
Incomplete emptying of the bladder
Needing to urinate two or more times per night
Pain with urination or bloody urine (these may indicate infection)
Slowed or delayed start of the urinary stream
Straining to urinate
h3 and sudden urge to urinate
Weak urine stream
EXAMS and TESTS
After taking a complete medical history, your doctor will perform a rectal exam to feel the prostate gland. The following tests may also be performed.
Urine flow rate
Post-void residual test - to see how much urine is left in your bladder after urination
Pressure flow studies to measure the pressure in the bladder as you urinate
Urinalysis to check for blood or infection
Urine culture to check for infection
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test to screen for prostate cancer
The choice of a treatment is based on the severity of your symptoms, the extent to which they affect your daily life, and the presence of any other medical conditions. Treatment options include "watchful waiting," lifestyle changes, medications, or surgery.
If you are over age 60, you are more likely to have symptoms. But many men with an enlarged prostate have only minor symptoms. Self-care steps are often enough to make you feel better.
If you have BPH, you should have a yearly exam to monitor the progression of your symptoms and determine if any changes in treatment are necessary.
Arizona Urology Specialists — Locations
Glendale5750 W. Thunderbird Road Suite B-200 | Glendale, AZ 85306602.375.1700More Info
Scottsdale — 92nd Street10301 North 92nd Street Suite 101 | Scottsdale, AZ 85258 480.661.2662More Info
Scottsdale — Thompson Peak20201 North Scottsdale Healthcare Dr. Suite 280 | Scottsdale, AZ 85255480.661.2662More Info
Scottsdale — South3501 N Scottsdale Rd. Suite 250 | Scottsdale, AZ 85251480.264.4720More Info
Phoenix — Deer Valley19841 N 27th Ave. Suite 201 | Phoenix, AZ 85027623.582.6420More Info
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Mesa5058 E Southern Ave. Suite 102 | Mesa, AZ 85206480.834.4188More Info
Fountain Hills16838 East Palisades Blvd. Bldg C | Fountain Hills, AZ 85268480.272.6400More Info
Arizona Prostate Cancer Center20601 North 19th Ave. Suite 115 | Phoenix, AZ 85027602.557.0055More Info