Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a general term for infection of the parts of the urinary tract. An infection of the urethra is called urethritis, an infection of the bladder is called cystitis and a kidney infection is called pyelonephritis.
UTI's are the second most common type of infection in the body. Women are especially prone to UTI's for anatomical reasons. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria that live in the bowel and, a women's urethra is shorter, allowing bacteria quicker access to the bladder. UTI's in men are not as common as in women but can be serious when they occur.
Recurrent UTI's are defined as having more than 2 infections in 6 months or 3 infections in a year.
Urgency to urinate
Burning sensation when urinating
Red, pink or cola colored urine - a sign of blood in the urine
h3 smelling urine
Pelvic pain in women
Rectal pain in men
Being sexually active
Using the diaphragm for birth control
Being post menopausal
Urinary tract abnormalities
Blockages in the urinary tract - Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate for example
A suppressed immune system - Diabetes for example
Using a catheter to empty bladder
It has been suggested that women who are "non-secretors" of certain blood group antigens may be more prone to recurrent urinary tract infections because bacteria, in these women, may be allowed to attach more easily.
Women who have had more than 3 UTI's in a year are likely to continue to have them.
OPTIONS FOR RECURRENT UTI TREATMENT INCLUDE:
Behavioral Modifications including increasing hydration to produce 2L UOP per 24hrs
Cranberry product supplementation
Estrogen therapy to genitalia
Low dose antibiotic taken daily for 6 months or longer
Single dose of antibiotic after sexual intercourse
A short course of antibiotics when symptoms appear
Using a dipstick which changes color when infection is present
Arizona Urology Specialists — Locations
Glendale5750 W. Thunderbird Road Suite B-200 | Glendale, AZ 85306602.375.1700More Info
Scottsdale — 92nd Street10301 North 92nd Street Suite 101 | Scottsdale, AZ 85258 480.661.2662More Info
Scottsdale — Thompson Peak20201 North Scottsdale Healthcare Dr. Suite 280 | Scottsdale, AZ 85255480.661.2662More Info
Scottsdale — South3501 N Scottsdale Rd. Suite 250 | Scottsdale, AZ 85251480.264.4720More Info
Phoenix — Deer Valley19841 N 27th Ave. Suite 201 | Phoenix, AZ 85027623.582.6420More Info
Phoenix — Osborn Rd.1313 East Osborn Rd. Suite B150 | Phoenix, AZ 85014602.264.4431More Info
Mesa5058 E Southern Ave. Suite 102 | Mesa, AZ 85206480.834.4188More Info
Fountain Hills16838 East Palisades Blvd. Bldg C | Fountain Hills, AZ 85268480.272.6400More Info
Arizona Prostate Cancer Center20601 North 19th Ave. Suite 115 | Phoenix, AZ 85027602.557.0055More Info